Calypso Bibliography

This list contains works by recognized authorities on the subject of calypso but does not include all of their titles.

Birth, Kevin K., Bacchanalian Sentiments: Musical Experiences and Political Counterpoints in Trinidad (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008).

Cowley, John, Carnival, Canboulay, and Calypso, Traditions in the Making (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Dudley, Shannon, Carnival Music in Trinidad: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Gray, John, Carnival, calypso and steel pan: a bibliographic guide to popular music of   the English-speaking Caribbean and its diaspora (Nyack, NY: African Diaspora Press, 2015).

Guilbault, Jocelyne, Governing Sound: the cultural politics of Trinidad's Carnival Musics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007).

Herskovits, Melville J., and Herskovits, Frances S., Trinidad Village (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1947).

Hill, Donald R., Calypso Callaloo: Early Carnival Music in Trinidad (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1993).

Liverpool, Hollis, From the Horse’s Mouth: Stories of the History and Development of the Calypso (Port of Spain, Trinidad: Juba Productions, 2003).

Liverpool, Hollis, Rituals of Power and Rebellion: The Carnival Tradition in Trinidad and Tobago, 1763-1962 (Chicago: Frontline Books, 2001).

Phillips, E. M., “Recognising the Language of Calypso as “Symbolic Action” in Resolving Conflict in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago,” Caribbean Quarterly 52, vol. 1 (March 2006): 53-73, 91, 93; available from

Quevedo, Raymond (Atilla), Atilla’s Kaiso: A Short History of Trinidad Calypso (Port of Spain: University of the West Indies, 1983).

Regis, Louis, The Political Calypso: True Opposition in Trinidad and Tobago (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1998).

Regis, Louis, Race, Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Trinidad and Tobago Calypso 1970-1998 (Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications, 2017)

Riggio, Milla Cozart, ed., Carnival: Culture in Action: The Trinidad Experience (New York: Routledge, 2004), available from Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2004,

Rohlehr, Gordon, "A Scuffling of Islands: The Dream and Reality of Caribbean Unity in Poetry and Song," in New Caribbean Thought: A Reader, ed. Brian Meeks and Folke Lindahl (Jamaica: The University of the West Indies Press, 2001).

Rohlehr, Gordon, Calypso and Society in Pre-Independence Trinidad (Trinidad: Author, 1990).

Warner, Keith Q., "Ethnicity and the Contemporary Calypso," in Trinidad Ethnicity, ed. Kevin A. Yelvington (Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1993).

Warner, Keith Q., KAISO! The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso as Oral Literature (Washington, DC: Three Continents Press, 1985).